Analysis Strengthen Criminal Justice

Analysis Strengthen Criminal Justice

For this assignment, you will be required to write a report that answers the following questions. You must meet or exceed the word count requirement. Your report must include at least one source and be written at a Mater’s level. You must adhere to the APA 7 style and requirements.

QUESTION 1

Explain meta-analysis and how it may be used to identify patterns in criminal justice research. In your explanation, identify and discuss at least four of the eligibility criteria suggested by Lipsey and Wilson (2001) in your textbook. What is one challenge of meta-analysis? How could meta-analysis strengthen criminal justice programs?

The eligibility criteria from the textbook is as follows:

  • Distinguishing features. This includes the specific intervention tested and perhaps the groups compared.
  • Research respondents. These specify the population to which generalization is sought.
  • Key variables. These must be sufficient to allow tests of the hypotheses of concern and controls for likely additional influences.
  • Research methods. Apples and oranges cannot be directly compared, but some trade-off must be made between including the range of studies about a research question and excluding those that are so different in their methods as not to yield comparable data.
  • Cultural and linguistic range. If the study population is going to be limited to English language publications or limited in some other way, this must be acknowledged and the size of the population of relevant studies in other languages should be estimated.
  • Time frame. Social processes relevant to the research question may have changed as a result of historical events or new technologies, so temporal boundaries around the study population must be considered.
  • Publication type. Will the analysis focus only on published reports in professional journals, or will it include dissertations and/or unpublished reports? (16–21)Your response must be at least 300 words in length.

QUESTION 2

Describe the similarities and differences among the six types of mixed-method designs.

The mixed methods according to the textbook is as follows:

  • Convergent parallel design. The quantitative and qualitative methods are implemented at the same time. The findings are integrated and interpreted together.
  • Exploratory sequential design. The qualitative method is implemented first, and the quantitative method next.
  • Explanatory sequential design. The quantitative method is implemented first and is followed by the qualitative method.
  • Embedded design. The primary method may be qualitative or quantitative, but the researcher adds the other component to gain additional insight. For example, a quantitative design might be supplemented by a case study. These designs may be implemented either concurrently or sequentially.
  • Transformative design. Creswell and Plano Clark (2011) suggest that the unique feature of a transformative design is that it uses a theoretical perspective with a social justice focus (such as feminist research or participatory action research). Such research is done to improve the well-being of vulnerable populations.
  • Multiphase design. This design involves a series of quantitative and qualitative designs; each design and the findings inform the next phase.Your response must be at least 300 words in length.

Working Webpagea Well Commented

Working Webpagea Well Commented

Description of Assignment:

This assignment is both a written and practical assignment that will demonstrate your skills in the creation of database driven web pages

TASK 1

Create a MySQL database containing a single table (games) for an online games store. The games table will store information about games with the minimum of the following fields: game title, genre, year of release, publisher, screenshot, and a written review and (possibly) other fields of data relating to games. Choose appropriate data types and widths for each field.

Note 1) As your database server might not allow you to choose the database name any name is acceptable for this

Note 2) The screenshot data does not need to be stored inside the table. Commonly this will contain a local file path or URL that can be used as a web hyperlink

Use PhpMyAdmin to add 5 records to the games table based on existing information which you will research on existing games websites.

Create a username and password that can access this database using your firstname+lastname and a password of your own choice. This account should have full access to the database.

Create a webpage that connects to your database using PHP. Store the information the connection needs (database name, table name, username /password) in PHP variables. Display a message in the webpage when a successful connection is 2.3]

Create a Word document Task1 that contains

  1. A screenshot of your working webpage
  2. A well commented listing of your HTML/PHP code

TASK 2

You will build on your work in task 1 and develop the database to the next stage

Using the existing records in your games db you will need to create the following:

  • You will create a display all records page which lists all the items in the database in a html table using a control structure [1.3]
  • You will create an insert form to allow games to be added to the database, implement validation checks so that data is correctly entered. [4.2] [5.4]
  • Create a complex query by creating an update page which will allow users to edit the games in the database [4.3]
  • You will create a delete page which will allow you to delete games records in the database. [4.4]
  • You will create a basic search engine form which allows the user to search on multiple fields on the database and give back a results page based on those fields

For this You will need to create a complex query using SQL and execute this query on the remote database. This results page will use single control structures for selection and iteration such as conditional statements and loops to go through all the records. [3.1] [4.1]

  • You will extend this page to show a list of games titles outputted as hyperlinks which then take you to more detail about the game that is chosen [3.2] [3.3]
  • You will make a single page which has links to all these different pages you have made – all records, insert record, delete record, update records and search .
  • Finally you will password protect access to this page [6.1]

To document this work, you will create software documentation for the user, this will have three parts.

Task 2a) Write an introductory section which explains how requirements can vary between the client (games store owner) and end user and explain the importance of an effective user experience [1.1]

Task 2b) Create and justify your user interface by producing design documentation in the form of wireframes and sketches to meet the specific client requirements as outlined below. [1.2]

The client requirements are

  • The website application should work on mobile phones
  • There should be a main menu to move between the different pages such as display all records, insert, delete, update and search
  • Instructional text and menu labels should be intuitive
  • There should be prompts where forms are not filled out correctly prompting the user to enter data correctly

Task 2c) Create a user guide document with live links and screenshots of your working pages and well commented page listings to show your understanding. Use current web development conventions in your approach.

TASK 3

You will write a report which addresses the following questions within a word limit of 1500 words. Please indicate supporting references.

  1. What are the differences and similarities between clientside and server-side scripting. Draw your conclusions by giving some practical examples of code within the types of languages involved and explain where you may use these giving real examples [2.1]
  2. Explain the environment or framework you have chosen to develop your web database application [2.2]
  3. What are the differences between (GET and POST) in relation to the published and tested multi-page scripting you have completed using request.form and query strings. [5.3]
  4. Why would you need to password protect parts of a website? [6.1] Why would you use a hidden form element on a website [6.2]
  5. Why would you need to validate user input for a website with a database? Describe the validation checks have you implemented? [5.4]

Finally review and evaluate the success of your uploaded files for your web database application suggesting areas for future development [7.2]File naming. Your tasks should be labelled in the following formatfirstname_surname_Task1_ddwp.docfirstname_surname_Task2_ddwp.docfirstname_surname_Task3_ddwp.docUpload this to Moodle to the designated final submission area by the deadline

Student 1 Grade 1

Student 1 Grade 1

USE PYTHON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE!!!

It is the galactic year 62.53. The Cruz Space Synergy Industries. (CSSI) has grown so much that it cannot find enough scientists and engineers to hire. Therefore, the company created the Cruz Space College (CSC) to train the next generation of space scientists and engineers. The company is keeping track of its students’ information. using an old system of text files but plans to implement a new system soon. Your job for this project is to make sure that the data in the files is not corrupted.

Write a program that:

  1. Asks the user for an input file name.
  2. Validates that the user entered a valid file name (name of an existing file).
  3. If the user enters invalid file names 3 times, displays an error message and quits.
  4. Reads from the input file the names of students (don’t make assumptions about how many students) and their grades (0..5 grades per student, default to 0). The names of the students and the grades will be stored in a dictionary where the names are the keys, and the grades are stored in a list associated with the key.
  5. After reading the student information into the dictionary, displays the name of each student followed by their grades followed by the grade average to the console as follows:

Student 1 Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade4 Grade 5 Average

Student 2 Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade4 Grade 5 Average

Student 3 Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade4 Grade 5 Average

Student 4 Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade4 Grade 5 Average

Dictionary + List:

{Student1:[Grade1, Grade2, Grade3, Grade4, Grade5], Student2:[Grade1, Grade2, Grade3, Grade4, Grade5], Student3:[Grade1, Grade2, Grade3, Grade4, Grade5]}

Structure of input file:

Student 1Name

Student 1 Grade 1

Student 1 Grade 2

Student 2 Name

Student 3 Name

Student 3 Grade 1

Student 4 Name

Student 4 Grade 1

Student 4 Grade 2

Student 4 Grade 3

Student 4 Grade 4

Student 4 Grade 5

For Example:

Rodolfo

98.9

99.5

Julio

Pedro

100

Maria

99

99.8

90

80

80

Submission guidelines: Send your Assignment4.txt file as attachments to my email, with the subject Assignment 4.

Note: Please include the header at the top of your program. Replace the necessary information.

2 Significant Digits 2No2

2 Significant Digits 2No2

At a certain temperature, the equilibrium constant K for the following reaction is 0.74: NO3(g) + NO2NO2(g Use this information to complete the following table. Suppose a 47. L reaction vessel is filled with 1.2 mol of NO3 and 1.2 mol of NO. What can you say about the composition of the mixture in the vessel at equilibrium? O There will be very little NO3 and NO. There will be very little No2 Neither of the above is true. What is the equilibrium constant for the following reaction? Round your answer to 2 significant digits 2NO2()NO3(g)+NO(g) What is the equilibrium constant for the following reaction? Round your answer to 2 significant digits. 3 NO3(9)+3NO(9) -6NO2(g)

Saythese Topics Rarely Generate

Saythese Topics Rarely Generate

Week 4: Identifying Topics, Using EBSCO and Finding Essay Topics

Week 4 begins preparation for the Week 6 Persuasive Academic Essay. Writing an essay begins with finding topics. This assignment has two parts: Practice Using ESBCO and Selecting Topics. You will create two documents for this assignment and attach both to the grading module Part 1: EBSCO PracticeUse the EBSCO Practices Worksheet. As you complete the assignment, write your answers on the template (it is a Word document).Attach this document when you are submitting your responses to this assignment.  Part 2:  Preparation for the Week 6 Academic EssayUse the Essay Topic Worksheet

  • Read the week 6 assignment instructions
  • Decide on three possible topics for the Week 6 essay.
  • Use the Essay topic Worksheet                                                                                                                                                               The Blacklist (16 Forbidden Topics)
  • abortion
  • bullying – school, cyber, or otherwise
  • cell phones – such as whether they should be allowed in school
  • death penalty
  • global warming
  • gun control/gun issues in general
  • immigration – legal or otherwise
  • legalization of marijuana or other drugs
  • obesity, childhood or otherwise
  • religious topics (such as whether or not God exists)
  • same-sex marriage, adoption, etc.
  • school uniforms
  • smoking – such as whether it should be banned
  • sports-related topics
  • stem cell research
  • video games
  • ANY OTHER TOPIC WHICH IS TOO BROAD, TOO GENERAL, OR ABOUT WHICH YOU HAVE NOTHING ORIGINAL TO SAY

These topics rarely generate good essays. Mostly, they are overly broad topics, such as those we talked about last week. They are also polarizing topics. If you have strong opinions on them, are you willing to change your mind? If not, don’t expect your readers to change theirs.

Term “ Public Use

Term “ Public Use

10th Justice; Takings Clause

As you learned this week, the government can enact the concept of eminent domain and “take” private property so long as it is for the “public use” and the owner is justly compensated. This concept is hotly contested and often results in a clash between property owners and the government. Developers and businesses generally like the concept of eminent domain and really attempt to stretch the term “public use” in order to expand business. In 2005 the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) decided in Kelo v. New London by a narrow margin of 5-4 that city’s taking of private property to sell for private development qualified as a “public use” within the meaning of the takings clause. 

In your assignment this week please explain why the court got this correct AND explain why the court was wrong. Lastly, if you were the 10th justice how would you vote and why?

This link should provide you with details on the case: https://www.oyez.org/cases/2004/04-108

Click on the left hand side under “Opinions” for full details.

Your paper should be 400-500 words.

Health Care Manager Regarding

Health Care Manager Regarding

In this assignment, you’ll be examining the role of a health care manager regarding ethical issues and decision-making. You’ll have the opportunity to practice your professional skills by conducting an interview. Being able to have professional conversations with all stakeholders in an organization, including managers at various levels, is an important skill to have as a health care manager. This will allow you the opportunity to analyze the health care manager’s role in ethical decision-making from a management perspective.

Preparing for the Assignment:

Select and research 1 health care facility (e.g., pharmacy, medical office, nursing home, hospital). Become familiar with the health care facility, including the mission, vision, and goals.

Select 1 leadership position at the health care facility, such as a supervisor, manager, director, vice president, compliance officer, or similar role.

Schedule an interview with the person in your selected health care facility’s leadership position. 

Assignment Directions:

Complete the Summative Assessment: Health Care Leadership Interview Questionnaire and Summary Worksheet.

Submit your assignment. 

5 P Trendn Cases

5 P Trendn Cases

Assessing the Role of BiasThe role of diet in promoting or preventing disease is a focus of nutritional epidemiology. In recent years, the field has embraced the idea that dietary patterns, as opposed to a single food or nutrient, are likely to have a bigger impact on health and disease prevention. The Mediterranean diet is characterized by the traditional food patterns of Mediterranean countries. The Mediterranean diet has consistently been shown to reduce the risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease mortality, and cancer mortality in several large prospective cohort studies. Suppose that we work for the American Cancer Society, which would like to update its “Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for Cancer Prevention.” Guidelines are based on current evidence, and their purpose is to provide recommendations for the general public. We are tasked with critically evaluating one recent study that examined the association between Mediterranean diet and risk of ovarian cancer in the Nurses’ Health Study, a prospective cohort study with 121,700 female nurses (Xie et al, Journal of Ovarian Research (2014) 7:112).In this study, dietary information was measured prospectively every 2 to 4 years by a self-administered semi-quantitative, 131-item food frequency questionnaire. For each food, a portion size was given, and women were asked to choose from 9 intake frequencies from never to >=6 servings per day averaging over the prior year’s intake. A Mediterranean Diet Score was calculated that considered consumption of certain fatty acids, legumes, cereals, fruits, nuts, vegetables, meat, dairy, and alcohol and ranged from 0 to 10.The following excerpts are taken from the paper. 1. “The validity of our food frequency questionnaire was evaluated by comparison with food diaries in 192 women.” Which type of bias are the study investigators trying to limit?2. If the correlation between the food frequency questionnaire and food diaries is poor, is it more likely or less likely that this type of bias is present? 3. Ovarian cancers were identified either by self-reports or data from the National Death Index. Women or their next-of-kin were asked for permission to obtain and review pathology reports to confirm the diagnosis. Which type of bias are the study investigators trying to limit by confirming the ovarian cancer diagnosis?Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health, Fourth EditionAnn Aschengrau and George SeageIn-Class ExerciseCopyright 2020 by Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC, an Ascend Learning Company 24. “The follow-up rate was 97%.” Which type of bias are the investigators trying to assess?5. Based on the follow-up rate, is this type of bias likely?6. Is the “Healthy Worker Effect” a concern in this study? 7. “Participants who left more than 70 items blank on the diet questionnaire were excluded from the analysis.” Which types of bias were the study investigators trying to limit?8. “Participants who left more than 70 items blank on the diet questionnaire were excluded from the analysis.” Did excluding these women create selection bias?Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health, Fourth EditionAnn Aschengrau and George SeageIn-Class ExerciseCopyright 2020 by Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC, an Ascend Learning Company 39. “All of this [dietary] information was collected prospectively…” What type of bias was avoided with prospective dietary data collection? 10. Examine the results in the table below. Suppose that a Mediterranean diet truly reduces the risk of ovarian cancer. What sources of bias most likely accounted for the null or nearly null findings? Hazard ratios for the association between Mediterranean Diet Score and ovarian cancer Mediterranean Diet Score<2.6 2.7-3.5 3.6-4.5 4.6-5.5 >5.5 P trendN cases 134 119 148 136 159Person-years 290,089 247,467 329,112 293,048 309,867Age-adjusted hazard ratio1.0 (ref) 0.91 0.85 0.86 0.93 0.52Multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio1.0 (ref) 0.90 0.83 0.85 0.91 0.44Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health, Fourth EditionAnn Aschengrau and George SeageIn-Class ExerciseCopyright 2020 by Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC, an Ascend Learning Company 4Confounding and Random ErrorPhysical activity is the centerpiece of many strategies to prevent and reduce chronic disease and improve health. The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) sets Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans based on the current body of evidence. Adults are encouraged to engage in 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity per week; children and adolescents are encouraged to participate in 60 minutes of physical activity daily.Suppose that we work for HHS, which is interested in understanding how body size and physical activity during different periods in adolescence may impact health. We are tasked with critically evaluating a recent study that examined the association between adolescent body size, physical activity, and risk of breast cancer (Oh et al. Interaction between early life body size and physical activity on risk of breast cancer. Int J Cancer 2015; 137:571-581). This investigation was a prospective cohort study of female nurses aged 25-42 who were free of breast cancer at enrollment in 1989. In 1997, participants were asked to report their childhood and adolescent body size (at ages 5, 10, and 20) using a 9-level figure drawing (1 being very thin and 9 being overweight). Participants have been followed-up since 1989 for incidence of breast cancer. 1. Based on the description in the introductory paragraph, which potential confounding variables were controlled through the use of restriction? 2. The following table shows some baseline characteristics of the study population according to average childhood body size. The characteristics listed are considered possible risk factor for breast cancer.Average Body Size at ages 5-10 yearsCharacteristic 1 1.5-2 2.5-3 3.5-4 4.5+Age (years) 42.5 41.8 42.0 42.3 42.5Birth weight >=3.9 kg, % 10.0 11.5 13.9 16.2 18.7Age at menarche 12.8 12.6 12.3 12.1 12.0Total physical activity at ages 12-17 (MET-hr/wk)56.3 54.5 51.9 48.4 46.0Age at first birth (years) (among parous women)26.3 26.5 26.5 26.5 26.5Family history of breast cancer, %9.6 9.7 9.3 9.3 9.5Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health, Fourth EditionAnn Aschengrau and George SeageIn-Class ExerciseCopyright 2020 by Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC, an Ascend Learning Company 5State which variables are potential confounders and which variables are not potential confounders according to these data. Give the rationale for your answer.3. In the multivariate regression, investigators compare participants with body size=1 (index group) to participants with body size ≥ 4.5 (reference group). Table 1 shows the crude and adjusted risk ratios. The age-adjusted RR controlled only for age. The MV-adjusted (multivariable-adjusted) RR controlled for many potential confounders at the same time.Crude and adjusted RR for the association between adolescent body size and breast cancerRR for breast cancer 95% CICrude 1.79 1.28-2.19Age-adjusted 1.64 1.31-2.06MV-adjusted 1.64 1.29-2.033. a. Which of the following is the best interpretation of the crude RR?i. In these data, women with adolescent body size≥ 4.5 had 1.79 times the risk of breast cancer compared to those with adolescent body size=1 over the study period.ii. In these data, women with adolescent body size=1 had 1.79 times the risk of breast cancer compared to those with adolescent body size≥ 4.5 over the study period, adjusting for numerous potential confounders.iii. In these data, women with adolescent body size=1 had 1.79 times the crude risk of breast cancer compared to those with adolescent body size≥ 4.5 over the study period.3. b. Which of the following is the best interpretation of the age-adjusted RR?i. In these data, women with adolescent body size=1 had 1.64 times the crude risk of breast cancer compared to those with adolescent body size≥ 4.5 over the study period.ii. In these data, women with adolescent body size=1 had 1.64 times the risk of breast cancer compared to those with adolescent body size≥ 4.5 over the study period, adjusting for age.Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health, Fourth EditionAnn Aschengrau and George SeageIn-Class ExerciseCopyright 2020 by Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC, an Ascend Learning Company 6iii. In these data, women with adolescent body size≥ 4.5 had 1.64 times the risk of breast cancer compared to those with adolescent body size=1 over the study period, adjusting for age.iv. In these data, women with adolescent body size=1 had 1.64 times the risk of breast cancer compared to those with adolescent body size≥ 4.5 over the study period, adjusting for numerous potential confounders.3. c. State in words your interpretation of the 95% confidence interval for the MV-adjusted RR. 3. d. Based on the 95% CI alone, is the MV-adjusted RR statistically significant? 3. e. What is the magnitude of confounding by this collection of potential confounders?3. f. Is this collection of potential confounders actually confounding the association between adolescent body size and risk of breast cancer?a. Yesb. Noc. Maybe

Criminologists Within Criminal Justice

Criminologists Within Criminal Justice

For this assignment, you will be required to write a report that is at least one page in length that covers how criminologists within criminal justice mix different research methods. You must provide information about some types of the most used mixed-method designs. Identify at least one issue in the criminal justice field that you might be interested in exploring. Do you believe that this issue might lend itself well to a mixed-methods design approach? Why, or why not?

Your report must be written at a Mater’s level quality and adhere to the APA 7 citation and referencing requirements.

Briefly Discuss Three Different

Briefly Discuss Three Different

Discussion: This week’s discussion is preparation for the week 6 essay. The focus is on identifying the topic and main point of a source and then identifying alternate perspectives/viewpoints. In persuasive argument essays, alternative viewpoints are referred to as counterarguments.

Main Post:

For this discussion, choose a recent (not more than two months old) article or video, or podcast that discusses a social problem.

“A social problem is any condition or behavior that has negative consequences for large numbers of people and that is generally recognized as a condition or behavior that needs to be addressed.” 

Source: Social Problems: Continuity and Change. Chapter 1.1 What is a Social Problem? University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing through the eLearning Support Initiative. https://open.lib.umn.edu/socialproblems/chapter/1-1-what-is-a-social-problem/ 

For examples of social issues, go to https://examples.yourdictionary.com/common-examples-of-social-issues.html   

Read/view/listen to the source, and identify the topic and main point of the source. 

  1. If the source you choose includes reader/viewer/listener comments, then briefly discuss three different viewpoints expressed about the topic.
  2. If the source you choose does not include reader/viewer/listener comments, then identify three different perspectives (alternative viewpoints) about the topic.