7-1 Final Project Part One
7-1 Final Project Part One
Final Project Part One: Critical Analysis Portfolio
Southern New Hampshire University
Wellness refers to an active process in which individuals become aware of the choices they make towards having not only a healthy but also a fulfilled lifestyle. An example of an issue in wellness is HIV/AIDS. HIV is an acronym of the human immunodeficiency virus and AIDS is an acronym for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The disease is a virus that immensely damages the immune system of individuals.
From the social science perspective, HIV/AIDS interferes with emotional well-being, social well-being, and the individuals’ environmental wellness. Most individuals view the disease as a death sentence; hence they tend to stigmatize the individuals affected. The stigma comes in various forms; it may be a family stigma or social stigma, all of which negatively impact the affected persons’ well-being (Kontomanpolis, Michalopoulos, Gkasdaris, & Easoulakis, 2017). Sometimes, these may lead to family members and the individuals affected to become depressed, an idea that interrupts their emotional well-being and financial stability.
The virus has brought about many controversies when viewed through the humanity lens of education. An example is the case of the religious context whereby an individual was known to be HIV positive; the person was considered adulterous, hence condemned by the entire church (Rueda, et al., 2016). As such, the well-being of the person was immensely affected due to a lack of the optimal functionality of the person’s spiritual wellness. However, with time the church stops stigmatizing HIV positive members.
In the natural science lens, the viral disease is viewed as a subject for carrying out hypotheses and research. The issue is still being searched as most researchers strive to find a solution to the problem. Currently, preventive drugs for individuals at risk of contracting the disease have been developed, an important milestone that can help eradicate the disease from being a wellness issue (Rueda et al.,2016). Natural sciences will probably provide solutions to HIV/AIDS and make it a disease that individuals do not worry about.
HIV/AIDS, in the historical perspective, is a viral disease that was mainly associated with the LGBT community. The disease was initially associated with the gay people until women contracted it. The LGBT persons have been discriminated against not only by the public but also from the health care sector (Charles, Haaland, Kulkami, & Webber, 2015). Some of them are denied access to health care services, an idea that immensely interferes with their emotional well-being. HIV/AIDS has proven to a wellness issue to most LGBT families because apart from the discrimination and stigma that they receive for not conforming to the required social norms, they have to strive and gain access to better health care facilities that would help them contain the disease.
There are eight dimensions of wellness; financial wellness, environmental wellness, emotional wellness, intellectual wellness, spiritual wellness, occupational wellness, social wellness, and physical wellness. If one of the eight dimensions is not functioning optimally, then a person is not termed to be well. Wellness is an essential aspect of life; it is like a cycle; if one is not functioning well, the cycle becomes incomplete. Wellness is affected by various issues; one of the issues is HIV/AIDS. This essay will look at HIV/AIDS as a wellness issue in the four general education lenses; social sciences, humanities, history, and natural and applied sciences.
There are many speculations on the origin of the virus. HIV/AIDS as a disease affects an individual’s health and affects other aspects of an individual, such as finances and social life. Furthermore, the infected person is not the only one affected by the disease; the family members and relatives are also affected, especially if they were a breadwinner. HIV/AIDS affects the social well-being of an individual the financial stability, among other things.
The history of HIV/AIDS dates back to the 1980s where it is believed that HIV originated from the Democratic Republic of Congo when the virus crossed species from chimpanzees to human beings, Initially, the virus was unknown and its transmission was not accompanied by noticeable signs and symptoms (Melhuish&Lewthwaite,2018). The disease affected the well-being of individuals by affecting their immune systems, which consequently jeopardized their health well-being. The stigma associated with the disease because it was believed to only affect the gay affected the social well-being of individuals. Some companies refused to employ people suffering from HIV/AIDS, therefore affecting the financial well-being of the individuals.
From the social science perspective, HIV/AIDS affects the social well-being, emotional wellness, and environmental wellness of an individual. HIV/AIDS is a stigmatized disease, especially in developing countries. Most people look at the virus as a death sentence, and some are afraid of being associated with people that suffer from the disease. People with the disease are aware of the social stigma and sometimes family stigma, which in turn affects their emotional wellness. Also, the stigma affects the emotional wellness of close family members of the affected person, such as the children and sisters and brothers. Sometimes, the family members and the individual become depressed. Depression affects not only emotional well-being but also financial well-being and all the institutions.
Looking at HIV/AIDS through the humanities lens, the virus brought about controversies. In the religious context, for instance, when a person was known to have HIV/AIDS during the early stages of discovery of AIDS, the person was considered to be adulterous and thus condemned by the church. This affected the well-being of the person because the person’s spiritual wellness was not in optimal function. With time, however, the church stopped stigmatizing members with the virus. In some countries, however, the disease is still considered to be brought about by committing adultery and being promiscuous. Sometimes it is used as a threat to make people stay faithful to their spouses and for youth to abstain from sex.
In the lens of the natural sciences, the disease is seen as subject to hypothesis and research. HIV/AIDS is being researched as solutions towards these issues are being sought. Currently, preventive medicine for people at risk of being infected by HIV/AIDS has been developed. This serves as a positive milestone in removing the disease from being a wellness issue. Perhaps natural sciences will offer the solution to HIV/AIDS and make it a normal disease that people no longer have to worry about.
HIV/AIDS is a wellness issue, especially in the LGBT community. The disease was first associated with the gay until women began suffering from it. LGBT people have been discriminated against by the public, even in the healthcare sector. Some are denied access to healthcare services because of being part of LGBT. HIV/AIDS proves to be a wellness issue to LGBT families because apart from the stigma and discrimination they receive for not conforming to the social norms, they have to struggle to look for healthcare assistance in containing the disease.
HIV mutates quickly, and various strains of the virus make scientific advancements in the field difficult. Literature mainly stresses the significance of social factors in HIV/AIDS epidemics and its theory as a complement to both natural and applied sciences, methods for scientific research (Burman, Moerschell, Mamabolo, Aphane, & Delobelle, 2015). HIV provides a social commentary through the natural and applied sciences because the impetus of the issue came from scholars’ initial discussion about the various innovations that characterize the epidemic. Working from natural and applied sciences sites, the researchers steadily emphasized the social part to understand AIDS significantly, thus opening up avenues for scientific reimagining and critique.
Science can help resolve and enhance the HIV/AIDS issue by facilitating the HIV research process. New prevention and treatment tools have brought most individuals within reach of ending the HIV/AIDs epidemic. With this objective, most governments are focused on both treatment targets and ambitious testing, while most global guidelines call for immediate treatment for all persons diagnosed with HIV (Burman, Moerschell, Mamabolo, Aphane, & Delobelle, 2015).Additionally, several treatment programs have been prioritized in most HIV affected areas. Social sciences play a crucial role in rolling out the ambitious HIV programs by coming up with numerous factors that impact the universal treatment and test of HIV/AIDs.
The social science lens helps articulate a deeper understanding of the social issues that inform the HIV/AIDs issue by making numerous advances that have been made effective by the HIV/AIDs treatment and prevention program. These mainly entails the public health implementation of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and the proof of concept that is mainly aimed at reducing HIV transmission and providing definite evidence of clinical gain obtained from antiretroviral treatments (Vincent, Sevelius, Lippman, Linnemayr, & Arnold, 1999).
As such, significant procedures have been implemented to comprehend both behavioral and social contexts that mainly affect the HIV prevention program, care, and various treatment interventions. These mainly entail the facilitation of counseling and testing, coming up with technologically based interventions that raise the viral suppression to the affected individuals, decreasing stigma and addressing other structural and socio-behavioral barriers to HIV/AIDS treatment and care (Vincent, Sevelius, Lippman, Linnemayr, & Arnold, 1999). Social sciences provide a juncture that is significant in assessing both the current and future plans for HIV/AIDS research in social sciences. An example of a functional framework related to the behavioral and social sciences research include the understanding of both the vulnerable populations and those at risk, improving various social approaches that are crucial to the care and prevention of HIV/AIDs and strengthening both the outcomes and design that are biomedically focused of HIV/AIDs prevention and treatment.
REFERENCES Burman, C., Moerschell, L., Mamabolo, R., Aphane, M., & Delobelle, P. (2015). Reimagining Decision Making: Addressing A Discrete Social Driver of HIV/AIDS through the lens of Complexity Science. African Journal of AIDS Research, 75-84. Charles, C., Haaland, M., Kulkami, A., & Webber, J. (2015). Improving Healthcare for LGBTQ Populations. Kontomanpolis, E., Michalopoulos, S., Gkasdaris, G., & Easoulakis, Z. (2017). The Social Stigma of HIV-AID: Society’s Role. . Auckland. Rueda, S., Mitra, S., S.Chen, Gogolishvii, D., Globerman, J., & Chambers, L. (2016). Examining the Associates Between HIV Related Stigma and Health Outcomes in People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Series of Meta-Analyses. Vincent, W., Sevelius, J., Lippman, A., Linnemayr, S., & Arnold, A. (1999). Identifying Opportunities for Collaboration Across the Social Sciences To Reach the 10-10-10: A Multilevel Approach . Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.